A medicinal plant is a resource, parts or extracts from which are used as medicine in the treatment of a disorder.
The part of the plant used medicinally is know as the vegetable drug, and can be administered in different forms: capsules, tablets, cream, decoction, elixir, infusion, syrup, tincture, unguent, etc.
The use of remedies of a vegetable origin dates back to prehistoric times, and it is one of the most widespread forms of medicine, present in virtually all known cultures; the modern pharmaceutical industry is based on traditional expertise for the synthesis and production of pharmaceuticals, and the process of scientific verification of these traditions continues today, with new applications constantly being discovered. Many of the drugs used today – such as opium, quinine, aspirin or digitalis – synthetically replicate or isolate the active principles of traditional vegetable remedies – such as salicylic acid, so-called due to being extracted from the bark of the willow (Salix spp.) or digitalis, from the plant of the same name.
- Disorders of the digestive system Anorexia, vomiting, diarrhoea, hepatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, etc.
- Cardiopulmonary disorders Obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, heart failure, etc.
- Skin disorders Dermatitis, urticaria, allergies, etc.
- Endocrine disorders Cushing’s syndrome, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, etc.
- Urogenital disorders Kidney failure, prostate disorders, urinary tract infection, endometriosis, etc.
- Musculoskeletal disorders Arthritis, intervertebral disc disease, limps, etc.
- Neurological disorders Recurrent Laryngeal Neuropathy, Wobbler’s syndrome, etc.